Effective Ways To Prevent And Stop Nosebleeds In Adults And Children
Nosebleeds are common occurrences. They can arise due to various reasons such as prolonged inhalation of dry air, or as a side effect of some medication. Nosebleeds are not usually life-threatening as many people may think. A good understanding of the cause of the nose bleeding will help to put the fright away.
There are various treatment methods of stopping nosebleeds as well as in preventing their occurrence, including cauterization and septal surgery. In this article, we shall consider some natural remedies that can be done at home to stop nose bleeding. But first, let’s go in-depth and understand some more about nose bleeding.
What is nose bleeding?
Nose bleeding, also called epistaxis, or simply nosebleed, is a common health condition that can affect adults as well as children (usually those between 3 and 10 years of age). This condition is marked by the flow of blood from one or both nostrils. The bleeding from the nose can last for as long as little as a few seconds or can last for up to 10 minutes.
Nosebleeds are common because the nose is replete with blood vessels, which are delicate and can rupture without difficulty. These blood vessels are tiny and fragile making them prone to rupturing. While there may be good reason to be afraid, most cases of nose bleeding are merely innocuous.
That said, there are two types of nosebleeds: anterior nosebleed and posterior nosebleed. The difference between these two types is found in the location of the blood vessels. Anterior nosebleeds occur when blood vessels in the front of the nose rupture and bleed, while posterior nosebleeds take place in the back of the nose. Posterior nosebleeds are more dangerous.
Causes of nose bleeding
Nosebleeds can occur due to different reasons. Some of the common causes of epistaxis include:
- A nose injury
- Dry air
- Foreign object in the nose
- Sneezing hard repeatedly
- Picking the nose
- Living in a dry, hot climate
- Chemical irritants
- Bleeding disorder
- Blood clotting disorder or use of blood-thinning medication
- Respiratory infections
- Other causes like high blood pressure, calcium deficiency, and flu.
How to prevent nose bleeding
Nosebleeds can be prevented by following the methods below:
- Quit smoking
Smoking rarely helps anyone, if any. In this context, smoking worsens the condition by drying the nostrils and causing irritation in the nose. Quitting the habit of smoking will help to prevent nosebleeds, especially in people who are prone to the condition.
- Use a lubricating ointment
Rubbing petroleum jelly inside the nose of children susceptible to nosebleeds can help to prevent the condition.
If you reside in a region where the climate is dry and hot, you may need to get a humidifier so as to make the air moist.
- Don’t pick your nose
This is actually a no-brainer. Since it has been established that picking the nose can cause bleeding in the nose, it goes without saying, that, leaving the nose free will prevent nosebleeds. If you must pick your nose, make sure that your fingernails are kept short.
- Don’t sneeze so hard
You should avoid sneezing or blowing your nose too hard or too frequently if you want to prevent nosebleeds.
- Reduce your intake of blood-thinning medications
Excessive intake of blood-thinning medications can prevent normal clotting of blood. Thus, limiting the intake of such medications can help to prevent nosebleeds.
- Use nasal sprays
You need to keep the nose moist to prevent nosebleed due to dry air. For this purpose, you can get a saline spray or gel and apply to the nose.
- Eat vitamin C-rich foods
Vitamin C is helpful in preventing nose bleeding by strengthening the blood vessels in the nose. Vitamin C also helps in the creation of moist nose lining. So eating foods rich in the vitamin such as oranges and guava or drinking their juice will help to keep the nosebleeds at bay.
Natural home remedies for nose bleeding: Herbs, Essential Oils & Vitamins To Stop Nosebleeds
If you are experiencing nosebleeds, the following natural methods can be employed to stop the bleeding:
- Pinch your nose
When you have a bleeding nose, it is important that you calm yourself down, and with your body leaning forward, start pinching the middle section of your nose so that the nostrils are closed. Continue pinching the nose for at least five minutes until you notice that the bleeding has stopped. If the bleeding continues, don’t fret; rather, repeat the process until you are successful. NOTE: With the nose closed, you should open your mouth to breath.
- Cold compress
Apply an ice pack or cold compress on the nose can help to instantly stop a bleeding nose. A cold compress is helpful this way because the cold temperature helps to reduce the clotting time for the blood. You can make a cold compress by wrapping a few ice cubes in a towel.
- Apple cider vinegar
Apple cider vinegar contains many active compounds including acids that can help in treating nosebleeds. The acidic nature of vinegar helps to contract the ruptured blood vessels in the nose, therefore stopping the bleeding. Dip a cotton ball in apple cider vinegar and put in the affected nostril for about 10 minutes to stop epistaxis.
- Cayenne pepper
The hotness of cayenne pepper can help to stop nose bleeding. Cayenne pepper contains capsaicin, which is the main ingredient of the pepper. The presence of capsaicin also contributes to the medicinal properties of cayenne pepper. Mix a teaspoon of cayenne pepper with a cup of warm water and drink if you have a bleeding nose.
- Baking soda
You can make a nasal spray to stop nose bleeding by using baking soda. To achieve this, mix half a teaspoon of salt and a quarter of a teaspoon of baking soda in one glass of warm water. After thorough mixing, spray the mixture in the nose three to four times to stop nosebleeds.
To stop a bleeding nose, eat some fresh basil leaves or apply a few drops of basil juice to the affected nostril.
- Lemon juice
Lemon juice is another natural cure for nosebleeds. To do this, drip a few drops of lemon juice on each nostril and place a wet towel on your head. This combination will help to stop the bleeding.
- Goldenseal tea
Goldenseal is an herb native to the United States. Inhaling the steam of goldenseal tea will help to stop nosebleeds, particularly those caused by bleeding disorders. Goldenseal tea works this way because the herb has astringent and styptic properties that help to stop the bleeding. Goldenseal tea can be made by mixing steeping goldenseal leaves in hot water.
The leaf of the nettle plant is another natural remedy for nosebleeds. Get some fresh nettle leaves and grind them to extract the juice. Use a dropper to suck the juice and apply a few drops of the juice on the nostrils.
- Saline solution
Saline solution or saltwater solution is an effective natural remedy for nosebleeds. The solution can be prepared by mixing a pinch of salt to half a cup of water. You should drip a few drops of the solution into your nostrils; this will help to keep the nose lining moist and stop further bleeding.
- Drink lots of water
Dehydration can be another source of nosebleeds. This is because when the body lacks water, the mucous membrane in the nasal cavity can get dry. Drinking plenty of water during the day will help to prevent and stop nose bleeding.
- Witch hazel
Witch hazel extract can help to cure nosebleeds. Dip a ball of cotton in witch hazel extract and put in the affected nostril. Leave the cotton ball for about 5 minutes before removing. Witch hazel extract helps in the treatment of nose bleeding because of the herb’s astringent properties.
Onion juice can be used to stop nose bleeding. Place a cotton ball, which has been previously soaked in onion juice, in the nostril and leave for about 5 minutes. Doing this will help to stop the nose from bleeding. You can also try placing a slice of onion under your nostrils so as to inhale the onion’s fragrance.
- Lavender oil
Essential oils like cypress oil and lavender essential oil are common home remedies for nosebleeds. The wound-healing and acerbic properties of these oils help to stop the bleeding. Get the essential oil – lavender or cypress, whichever – and dilute in warm water. Using a paper towel to apply the mixture to the nose. You should note, however, that the use of essential oils should be done with care as some persons may be sensitive to them.
- Eat vitamin K-rich foods
Foods rich in vitamin K such as broccoli and spinach should be included in the meals of people suffering from nosebleed. Vitamin K is essential to the treatment of nose bleeding because it plays a role in protecting the blood vessels from damage. Chomping down on green leafy vegetables is a natural way of providing the body with vitamin K as well as for stopping epistaxis.
Coriander leaves have a soothing effect that can be beneficial in curing nosebleeds.
While the above-listed natural remedies will help to stop nose bleeding, it is important that you see a doctor when the bleeding continues for more than 30 minutes, or the bleeding happens after an injury, or it happens in a child younger than 3 years of age.